A round-up of the coverage of the climate deal President Obama negotiated with Xi Jinping.
This article offers some specifics about the new deal. For example, that China, “the world’s biggest emitter of greenhouse gases,” has pledged to cap its (still growing) carbon emissions by 2030, earlier if possible. China has also “set a daunting goal of increasing the share of non-fossil fuels to 20 percent of the country’s energy mix by 2030.” Certainly an ambitious goal. President Obama, meanwhile, announced a new US emissions target, cutting to 26%-28% below 2005 levels by 2025. This is the first time he has set a goal beyond the existing 2020 target of a 17% cut.
“The scale of construction for China to meet its goals is huge even by Chinese standards. It must add 800 to 1,000 gigawatts of nuclear, wind, solar and other zero-emission generating capacity by 2030 — more than all the coal-fired power plants that exist in China today and close to the total electricity generating capacity of the United States… And to meet its target, the United States will need to double the pace of carbon pollution reduction from 1.2 percent per year on average from 2005 to 2020 to 2.3 to 2.8 percent per year between 2020 and 2025.”
The article also details the progress made on tariffs and military relations. A good, detailed article.
“Senate Minority Leader Mitch McConnell just spent his reelection campaign claiming that China would never curb its emissions, so the U.S. shouldn’t either. Many other Republicans have argued the same. And yet China just proved Republicans wrong by committing to reach a peak level of carbon pollution by 2030 — the first time the world’s largest polluter has set a deadline for lowering emissions.”
Naturally, Leber reports, Republican leaders are opposed to it, as they have no other default: McConnell complained about the president’s continued “ideological War on Coal”, and Boehner says Obama is just “doubl[ing] down on his job-crushing policies no matter how devastating the impact”.
As the title suggests, this article continues the unsurprising “GOP opposes something Obama is for” angle, and highlights the
“important point that the U.S.-China climate change deal turns the most pragmatic conservative argument against limiting our own greenhouse gas emissions — that it would amount to unilateral economic surrender — on its head.”
I particularly liked, and agreed, with the following observation:
“The key thing about the "why should we act if China won’t?!” excuse is a failure of moral imagination. You only say something like that if you're extremely confident that the world's developing economies won't turn around and embarrass you by seeking to limit their own emissions — that they share your particular cynicism, nihilism, or denialism.”
After this flurry of surprised and positive coverage, people have started to look deeper into the different parts of the deal, and some are raising concerns and voicing disappointment that the deal isn’t quite as good as originally thought and claimed…
“The Obama administration may be crowing about its ‘historic’ emissions agreement. But China and the U.S. are already on track to meet these targets.”
“Don’t buy the hype. The announcement is largely a restatement of existing American and Chinese carbon emission trajectories, topped with a new red ribbon.”
Mak is not wholly down on the deal, though, and does The U.S.-China agreement on carbon emissions may not be especially ambitions, but this does not mean that it is without symbolic consequence.
“What’s more meaningful is leaders putting their reputations and political weight behind ambitious emissions reduction targets,” Andrew Eil, a former State Department climate change program coordinator, told The Daily Beast. “The fact that Xi and Obama both put a lot on the line to demonstrate that climate is a big priority is very noteworthy… Most importantly, both for the U.S. and China, it’s a commitment to emissions reduction, full stop, that has not been made before.”
This was the first article I saw that dug into the details and showed that the deal was not quite as momentous as official releases were claiming. Much of the coverage has “greatly exaggerate the significance of the deal”, which “simply reiterates commitments [Beijing] had previously announced”.
The Atlantic’s China expert (I think the first China-related Atlantic story I read was by Fallows, back in 2007), Fallows highlights three key things to keep in mind when learning about the deal: for example,
“To have spent any time in China is to recognize that environmental damage of all kinds is the greatest threat to its sustainability—even more than the political corruption and repression to which its pollution problems are related.”
He is hopeful about the future, despite pointing out that the air quality in Beijing is worse now than it was before the CCP shut down the factories and reduced congestion in order to produce clear skies. Any practical steps towards environmental protection is a good thing. He is not entirely optimistic, however:
“China is a big, diverse, churning, and contradictory place, as anyone who's been there can detail for hours. But for the past year-plus, the news out of China has been consistent, and bad. Many people thought, hoped, or dreamt that Xi Jinping would be some kind of reformer… his has been a time of cracking down rather than loosening up. Political enemies and advocates of civil society are in jail or in trouble. Reporters from the rest of the world have problems even getting into China, and reporters from China itself face even worse repression than before.”
Fallows is also concerned about the “nationalistic, spoiling-for-a-fight tone” that has come into China’s diplomatic dealings and engagement. This deal, however, suggests that maybe things are moving in a better direction.
“The Xi-Obama Meeting: The Good, the Bad, and the Ugly” by Shannon Tiezzi (The Diplomat, November 13, 2014)
This is a good article, offering, as the title suggests a quick run-down of the various results and developments from the meeting. As well as the climate deal, for example:
“… a new visa deal will allow for 10-year, multiple entry visas for businesspeople and five year visas for students. The streamlined visa process is a step forward in promoting people-to-people exchanges, which both governments routinely hold up as a key to improving mutual trust between the U.S. and China.”
“the two sides continue to have divergent visions for the future of the Asia-Pacific region, and despite nods to cooperation, there’s little indication that Beijing and Washington have found concrete ways to cooperate.”
Given Beijing’s promotion of a vision of the Asia-Pacific with reduced US influence, “we’re seeing battle lines drawn instead of cooperative projects” as American officials become wary and concerned about China’s more assertive.
“Ideological tensions sharpened under Xi Jinping, as he has chosen to fight a public battle against Western influence in everything from think tanks to art and literature. Beijing has also repeatedly and openly blamed the current protests in Hong Kong on interference from the West, including the U.S. government.”
This is, of course, just a small selection of the articles that have been written in the wake of the summit. It’s not difficult to find many, many more. I just thought I’d highlight these ones as good jumping-off points.